Netherlands Vincent van Gogh, one of the most well-known post-impressionist artists, for whom color was the chief symbol of expression, was born in Groot-Zundert, Holland on March 30, The son of a pastor, brought up in a religious and cultured atmosphere, Vincent was highly emotional, lacked self-confidence and struggled with his identity and with direction. He believed that his true calling was to preach the gospel; however, it took years for him to discover his calling as an artist. Between andwhen he finally decided to become an artist, van Gogh had already experienced two unsuitable and unhappy romances and had worked unsuccessfully as a clerk in a bookstore, an art salesman, and a preacher in the Borinage a dreary mining district in Belgium where he was dismissed for overzealousness.
See Article History Alternative Title: The striking colour, emphatic brushwork, and contoured forms of his work powerfully influenced the current of Expressionism in modern art. In part because of his extensive published letters, van Gogh has also been mythologized in the popular imagination as the quintessential tortured artist.
He was a quiet, self-contained youth, spending his free time wandering the countryside to observe nature. At 16 he was apprenticed to The Hague branch of the art dealers Goupil and Co.
Van Gogh disliked art dealing. Moreover, his approach to life darkened when his love was rejected by a London girl in His burning desire for human affection thwarted, he became increasingly solitary. He worked as a language teacher and lay preacher in England and, inworked for a bookseller in DordrechtNetherlands.
Impelled by a longing to serve humanity, he envisaged entering the ministry and took up theology; however, he abandoned this project in for short-term training as an evangelist in Brussels.
A conflict with authority ensued when he disputed the orthodox doctrinal approach. Failing to get an appointment after three months, he left to do missionary work among the impoverished population of the Borinagea coal-mining region in southwestern Belgium. There, in the winter of —80, he experienced the first great spiritual crisis of his life.
Living among the poor, he gave away all his worldly goods in an impassioned moment; he was thereupon dismissed by church authorities for a too-literal interpretation of Christian teaching.
Penniless and feeling that his faith was destroyed, he sank into despair and withdrew from everyone. They turned me out like a dog, saying that I was causing a scandal. Van Gogh decided that his mission from then on would be to bring consolation to humanity through art.
The productive decade His artistic career was extremely short, lasting only the 10 years from to During the first four years of this period, while acquiring technical proficiency, he confined himself almost entirely to drawings and watercolours.
Gogh, Vincent vanLearn about the life and work of artist Vincent van Gogh. Van Gogh worked hard and methodically but soon perceived the difficulty of self-training and the need to seek the guidance of more experienced artists.
He visited museums and met with other painters. Van Gogh thus extended his technical knowledge and experimented with oil paint in the summer of He remained at Nuenen during most of andand during these years his art grew bolder and more assured.
He painted three types of subjects— still lifelandscapeand figure—all interrelated by their reference to the daily life of peasants, to the hardships they endured, and to the countryside they cultivated.
Eventually, however, he felt too isolated in Nuenen. Simultaneously, van Gogh discovered Japanese prints and Impressionist painting.
All these sources influenced him more than the academic principles taught at the Antwerp Academy, where he was enrolled. There, still concerned with improving his drawing, van Gogh met Henri de Toulouse-LautrecPaul Gauguinand others who were to play historic roles in modern art.
They opened his eyes to the latest developments in French painting. At the same time, Theo introduced him to Camille PissarroGeorges Seuratand other artists of the Impressionist group. His palette at last became colourful, his vision less traditional, and his tonalities lighter, as may be seen in his first paintings of Montmartre.
By the summer of he was painting in pure colours and using broken brushwork that is at times pointillistic. Courtesy of the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam Gift of F. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam The pictures he created over the following 12 months—depicting blossoming fruit trees, views of the town and surroundings, self-portraits, portraits of Roulin the postman and other friends, interiors and exteriors of the house, sunflowers, and landscapes—marked his first great period.
In these works he strove to respect the external, visual aspect of a figure or landscape but found himself unable to suppress his own feelings about the subject, which found expression in emphatic contours and heightened effects of colour.
Once hesitant to diverge from the traditional techniques of painting he worked so hard to master, he now gave free rein to his individuality and began squeezing his tubes of oil paint directly on the canvas. Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, Photograph by Stephen Sandoval.
Paul Rosenberg, Nelson A. Josten, and Loula D.Watch video · Vincent Willem van Gogh (March 30, to July 29, ) was a post-impressionist painter whose work, notable for its beauty, emotion and color, highly influenced 20th-century art. Vincent van Gogh, one of the most well-known post-impressionist artists, for whom color was the chief symbol of expression, was born in .
Biography of Vincent Van Gogh Vincent van Gogh (March 30, - July 29, ) was born on 30 March in Zundert, a village in the southern province of North Brabant.
Vincent van Gogh, in full Vincent Willem van Gogh, (born March 30, , Zundert, Netherlands—died July 29, , Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris, France), Dutch painter, generally considered the greatest after Rembrandt van Rijn, and one of the greatest of the Post-Impressionists.
Vincent van Gogh was a famous Dutch Post-Impressionist artist, whose unique artwork revolved around a curious joy of absorbing nature and its surroundings, then transforming what he saw into a distinctive style of expressionist art.
Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter who was active during the late 19th century. His innovative style combined elements of naturalism, Impressionism and Japanese styles such as ukiyo-e, and his work generally focused on peasant life and the joys of nature.