Nomenclature of naming aromatic hydrocarbons

In these structures, it is immaterial whether the single substituent is written at the top, side, or bottom of the ring:

Nomenclature of naming aromatic hydrocarbons

A hydrocarbon connected by only single bonds. Alkynes A hydrocarbon, in which the carbon chain forms a cycle. Cyclic compounds A hydrocarbon that forms a ring of any size. Oxygen-containing A hydroxyl group bound to an sp3-hybridized carbon. Ethers An oxygen atom between two sp3-hybridized carbons.

Organic Nomenclature

Epoxides A three atom ring containing one oxygen atom and two carbon atoms in which all atoms are sp3-hybridized. Aldehydes A carbonyl group in which the carbon is bound to a hydrogen as well as another carbon.

Ketones A carbonyl group in which the carbon is bound to two other carbons. Carboxylic acids A carbonyl group in which the carbon is bound to a hydroxyl group OH and another carbon.

Alkenes and Alkynes - unsaturated hydrocarbons Double bonds in hydrocarbons are indicated by replacing the suffix -ane with -ene. If there is more than one double bond, the suffix is expanded to include a prefix that indicates the number of double bonds present -adiene, -atriene, etc.
Naming aromatic compounds Aromatic Compounds Introduction Introduction to Aromatic Compounds and Nomenclature Aromatic hydrocarbon, commonly known as arenes are hydrocarbons containing sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between the carbon atoms in a ring. They are known as aromatic due to their pleasant smell.
Naming Aromatics - Organic Chemistry | Socratic An aromatic compound is one which contains a benzene ring.

Nitriles A carbon-nitrogen triple bond. Aziridines A three atom ring containing one atom of nitrogen and two of carbon in which all atoms are sp3-hybridized. Nitro groups A nitrogen atom bound to two oxygen atoms, in which one bond is single and the other is double.

Imines A carbon-nitrogen double bond in which the carbon atom is bound to two other carbon atoms. Amides A carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is bound to an amino group. Sulfur-containing A thiol group SH bound to a sp3-hybridized carbon.

Sulfides An sulfur atom between two sp3-hybridized carbons. Thioesters A carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is bound to a sulfide group and another carbon atom.

Nomenclature of naming aromatic hydrocarbons

Benzene derivatives One to six substituents on benzene ring. An example is presented on the right. Non aromatic heterocycles A ring containing at least one atom other than carbon, which does not satisfy the rules of aromaticity or antiaromaticity.

Aromatic Hydrocarbon Nomenclature

Aromatic heterocycles A ring containing at least one atom other than carbon, which satisfies the rules of aromaticity. Terpenes A class of hydrocarbons in which the molecules are composed of isoprene units 2-methylbut-1,3-diene.This is “Structure and Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds”, section from the book Introduction to Chemistry: Structure and Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds.

Learning Objectives. benzene-like substances were called aromatic hydrocarbons because they had distinctive aromas.

In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry is a systematic method of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).

Jul 25,  · This method of naming is IUPAC naming or IUPAC nomenclature. IUPAC nomenclature of aromatic hydrocarbons is explained below: 1. According to IUPAC nomenclature of substituted aromatic compounds, the substituent name is placed as a prefix to the name of aromatic compounds.

For example, a benzene ring attached to . Organic Chemistry Nomenclature Naming Aromatics. Key Questions. Do aromatic hydrocarbons have at least one planar ring with delocalized p electrons?

Is 2-pyrone aromatic? What is the difference between anti-aromatic and non aromatic compounds? Naming Functional Groups. Jul 25,  · This method of naming is IUPAC naming or IUPAC nomenclature. IUPAC nomenclature of aromatic hydrocarbons is explained below: 1.

According to IUPAC nomenclature of substituted aromatic compounds, the substituent name is placed as a prefix to the name of aromatic compounds.

For example, a benzene ring attached to . Question 4: Nomenclature of Aromatic Hydrocarbons; Question 5: Nomenclature of Halogen Compounds; Question 6: Nomenclature of Alcohols; Question 7: Nomenclature of Aldehydes & Ketones; Question 8: Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids.

If you are asked to write a IUPAC name for a compound, pay careful attention to the syntax of this .

Naming aromatic compounds