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Additional Resources Auditorium space types are areas for large meetings, presentations, and performances. Auditorium space type facilities may include assembly halls, exhibit halls, auditoriums, and theaters. Auditorium space types do not include such features as sound reinforcement systems, audiovisual systems and projection screens, food service facilitiesproscenium stages with heights greater than 50'— 0" or fly gallery, orchestra pits, revolving or hydraulic stage platforms, flying balconies, movable seating, or billboard systems.
Space Attributes Auditorium spaces are designed to accommodate large audiences. As such, they tend to have wide spans and are multiple-stories high in order to accommodate seating, sightlines, and acoustical requirements.
Typical features of Auditorium space types include the list of applicable design objectives elements as outlined below. For a complete list and definitions of the design objectives within the context of whole building design, click on the titles below.
Sloped floors, with level terraces for each row of seating, help provide the proper sightlines from the audience to Office space standares stage.
Note that the bottom and intermediate rows should be directly accessible from entry levels to allow for Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities ADAAG compliant accessible seating positions.
Typically, fixed seats with tilting upholstered seat and back, integral arm and tablet arm are provided with articulated back for maximum occupant passage space between rows. The seats may be fully upholstered or wood contoured outer back and seat shells with wood armrests with tablet arm option and aisle light option at row ends.
Wheelchair access option-removable seats in sections of two and accessible end chairs for mobility limited occupants should be provided. Building codes will provide auditorium seating layout and clearance requirements. Lighting systems should be flexible to accommodate various performance venues e.
Productive Special Acoustical Design: Quality acoustical characteristics are important in Auditorium spaces so that performances and presentations can be clearly heard and understood.
The Auditorium Giovanni Agnelli in Turin, Italy has variable ceiling height according to acoustic needs. Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning HVAC systems for Auditorium spaces are sized and zoned to accommodate varying internal loads, which are a function of audience sizes, performance lighting loads, and projection equipment.
Particularly, air handling units AHUs with increased cooling capacity should be zoned separately for the auditorium, lobbyprojection spaces, stage areas, and audience seating areas.
Also, the Auditorium typically has a separate AHU constant volume with modulated temperature control for ventilation. Use materials and finishes that meet sustainability requirements for Low or No-VOC as well as durability and low maintenance.
The recommended system for distribution of HVAC in auditorium spaces is ducted supply through floor vents with ducted ceiling return air vents in auditorium and lobby. In other spaces, ducted ceiling supply with return air ceiling plenum is recommended.
Note that there should be transfer ducts at all acoustically rated partitions.
Proper notification systems, lighting, and signage are required to facilitate safe and speedy evacuations during regular events or an emergency in Auditorium spaces. Step lights recessed into floor risers at each seating tier and wall mounted low light level sconce lights along side walls are typical.
Sprinklers should be provided per code and under stage platforms to suppress fires. Materials used should be non-combustible. Regular inspections should also be conducted and documented in order to prevent safety hazards. Plan for secure areas in and around the auditorium including unused parts of the building; separating audience from performers; and keeping unauthorized people from stage and catwalk areas.
Staff should be trained in crowd management, First Aid, and Accessibility in order to support performers and audience needs and maintain a safe environment.Estándares Educativos Nacionales Ingles I, II y III Ciclo ( Grado) Honduras - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free.
La secretaria de educación de Honduras creo el Currículo Nacional Básico el cual rige el sistema educativo en todo el país. Los estándares son el complemento de 5 libros que acompañan el currículo Nacional Básico.
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A standard policy for the equitable allocation and design of office space at the University of Cincinnati is consistent with the strategies of the Master Plan.
The policy. When considering the office space needed, analysis should be carried out of the types of spaces required, the number of different areas, i.e. open office spaces, enclosed cubicles, private meeting facilities, conference areas etc, the number of employees (current and anticipated), recreational requirements, welfare facilities, and so on.
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