He looks hopeless and hungry and walks off. Here we are in the 21st century and still in this great nation of ours we face a dilemma of problems. What are these problems? These problems range from drugs to terror and even to homelessness.
The term now has a wider meaning: Those sleeping in shelters are also considered homeless. Individuals wandering from house to house seeking shelter from relatives and acquaintances are deemed homeless as well.
Currently, a homeless person is someone who lacks a regular, safe place to reside. As a social class, the homeless are a disparate group with many different factors contributing to their homelessness. However, there are different views on what causes poverty.
Possible causes include substance abuse, sudden unemployment, mental illness and many other variables. In addition, poverty can either be caused by or be the cause of the mental anguish of homelessness Centrepoint Homelessness in Young People: Demographics A distinction is drawn between statutory and non-statutory homeless.
This distinction is defined by the Housing Act, using vulnerability as a criteria. Under this, most single people are not vulnerable, while families and pregnant women are defined as statutory homeless Kemshall and Pritchard According to research by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation JRFyoung women are more likely to be statutory homeless than are young men, whilst young men 18 years old and over are more likely to be non-statutory homeless.
Statutory homeless young people are more unlikely to have an ethnic minority background in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland but within England, and particularly London, are more likely to have an ethnic minority background. In terms of age groups, 16 to 17 year old women are highly vulnerable.
It is stated that in UK during the yearup to 75, young people experienced homelessness ukyouth. This figure includes 43, young people aged who were statutorily homeless, at least 31, non-statutorily homeless young people using supporting people services during that same year, and other over-lapping figures including small numbers sleeping rough.
The rate per 1, populations of homeless people differs across the UK. The region with the highest proportion is Scotland There was an increase in the number of homeless young people in the early s following an extension of the priority need groups. This has not, however, been matched by reductions in Scotland or Northern Ireland.
There are also significant differences between homelessness in urban and rural areas Joseph Rowntree Foundation The figures on youth homelessness can be deceptive. While the numbers of young homeless people sleeping rough in the UK on any given night are low, this does not indicate the extent to which many young people experience homelessness, as many need to sleep rough for short periods before securing temporary accommodation.
Few sleep rough for an entire year, therefore the figures conceal the extent to which homelessness effects young people. JRF research also shows that young women are more likely to be statutorily homeless than young men, while young men over the age of 18 are more likely to be non-statutorily homeless perhaps due to the definition being based on the notion of vulnerability.
There are a number of risk factors which push people towards homelessness, including family violence, pregnancy, mental illness, and substance abuse King and Wheelerand these factors also increase the vulnerability of the homeless.
According to the JRFchildren from poorer socio-economic backgrounds are mostly at increased risk of homelessness.A sociological essay explaining homelessness from a functionalist perspective.
by crystal6draxler in Types > School Work and sociology homelessness criminology functionalism functionali A sociological essay explaining homelessness from a functionalist perspective.5/5(1). The article is divided into three parts.
First, a definition of homelessness is proposed that is well suited to theoretically oriented research. The definition focuses on identifying homelessness as a state rather than demarcating persons who may be homeless at .
In order to define homelessness in an operational way, we identified three domains which constitute a home, the absence of which can be taken to delineate homelessness. They have examined homelessness from many different angles, so that their scholarship touches such related sociological topics as the origins of mental illness, the treatment of substance abuse, the impact of the environment, the determinants of service satisfaction, and the difficulties of self-report measures.
Sociology of Homelessness On April 7 th , students enrolled in Sociology of Homelessness once again presented the results of their semester-long research in MacEwan Hall to the University of Calgary student community. The impact upon young people of homelessness is severe, and the relationship between homelessness and causal factors is two-way, with homelessness making some causes, including mental issues and drug abuse, worse.