In elementary schools, high schools, and universities, the war affected enrolment, the availability of teachers and professors, lessons and curriculum, extracurricular activities, and student culture.
World War 2 Bombers The strategic weapons which struck at the enemy's military-industrial heart Bombers were the ultimate long range heavy weapons of World War 2, a role they still have. They provided the mean to bypass the enemy's army and Navy and natural barriers, and deliver massive firepower directly to its heart, striking its industry, vital resources, key military targets, and population centers, in order to significantly erode its strength in the battlefield and defeat it.
In addition to their main strategic role, World War 2 bombers also provided tactical air support and sometimes even close air support in the battlefield itself.
These tactical attack roles were gradually taken by dedicated attack aircraft and by powerful fighter-bombers which evolved during the war and are now the dominant elements of modern air forces. Bombers also provided a modern mean to utilize a national industrial and technological advantage to balance the enemy's numerical advantage.
Far more than tanks and warships, bombers provided the best mean to concentrate great firepower in the hands of a small number of warriors, allowing a nation to rely more on its industry and less on millions of soldiers, and therefore pay the price of war with more money and less blood.
Because of these reasons, Great Britain and the United States produced the most advanced bombers and the largest bomber forces of World War 2.
The effectiveness of their bombers was very limited during the first years of the war by conservatism and technological difficulties, and by the fierce opposition of the enemy's air defense, but with gradual technological and tactical improvements, mainly the use of long range fighters escort by day and improved navigation by night, and with increasing numbers and stronger bombers, they eventually became a mighty and unstoppable force which crushed the enemy's war potential and contributed greatly to its defeat.
Here is a list of the main types of land-based World War 2 bombers, with the approximate quantity produced of each type. Bombers are twin-engined unless otherwise noted. British bombers Wellington - long range medium bomber carrying 2 tons of bombs. Produced before and during the war, bombed Germany until October For comparison, the Mosquito carried 1.
Lancaster - 4-engine long range heavy night bomber. The main British bomber in the second half of World War 2, carried up to 10 tons of bombs, including a huge 10 ton bomb, or the special dam buster bomb, but typically carried up to 6 tons of bombs to a range which covered all of Germany.
Had 3 turrets with 8 machine guns. Lancasters flew oversorties, and almost half of them were lost in action, together with over 21, airmen.
Halifax - 4-engine long range heavy night bomber sincecarried 5. Similar to the later Lancaster, which had greater bomb load and range. Mosquito - a very fast long range medium bomber which carried a 1.
The other Mosquitoes excelled in multiple other combat roles. A comparison between the operational order of battle of the British bomber command in July and at the end of can show how much it grew in strength and aircraft quality during the war: In July Bomber Command had operational bombers.
There were Wellington, 40 Halifax, and 24 Stirling bombers, but the other bombers were of types which were phased out by Of this force, only the Halifax remained in the main force by the end of At the end ofBomber command was a totally different force, much more powerful both in numbers and in the higher quality of its new bombers.
It had operational long range bombers. Royal Air Force American bombers B Liberator - 4-engine very long range heavy bomber since midcarrying up to 6 tons of bombs.
It was the allied bomber with the longest range during most of the war, and was used accordingly in all war fronts, both in very long range bombing missions, such as attacking Nazi Germany's only natural source of oil, in Ploesti, Romania, and by very long range anti-submarine patrols all over the Atlantic Ocean, which greatly contributed to defeating the German submarines.World War 2 Essay.
France in the World War II. The France, which declared the war on Germany, on September 3, , two days after their invasion to Poland, had to ask for the help from their British colleagues.
The troops of both countries did their best in order to stop the invasion. However, their attempts were in vain. Both the first as well as the second world wars are landmark events in modern world history.
Both wars are marked by involvement of the prevailing world powers of the day.
Losing the War. Man is a bubble, and all the world is a stormJeremy Taylor, Holy Dying () My father owned a gorgeous porcelain tiger about half the size of a house cat. World War 2.
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World War Three, by Mistake Harsh political rhetoric, combined with the vulnerability of the nuclear command-and-control system, has made the risk of global catastrophe greater than ever. Below is a common example that starts with the World War 2 essay introduction, which flows into the body that leads to a conclusion.
The Catalyst For World War 2 The world has seen many wars, but none were quite as horrifying as World War II.