For those not familiar with the writing a literature review APA style, it is a good idea to keep an APA format reference guide handy.
Several different systems of citation are in use in various academic communities such as footnotes and endnotesbut APA Style uses a kind of parenthetical referencing called the author—date system.
Basic In-Text Citation Style As the name author—date system implies, APA Style in-text citations include the author and date, either both inside parentheses or with the author names in running text and the date in parentheses.
Here are two examples: Smith and Wexwood reported that after the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per week.
Multiple In-Text Citations When multiple studies support what you have to say, you can include multiple citations inside the same set of parentheses. In running text, you can address studies in whatever order you wish. Smith and Wexwood reported an increase in the number of books read, whereas Gibson reported a decrease.
Albright, Wayne, and Fortinbras found no significant results. However, sometimes one or both of these elements are truly missing. The table below shows what substitutions to make for in-text citations if that happens.
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Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . Writing Literature Reviews: A Guide for Students of the Social and Behavioral Sciences 7th Edition. Webinars listed above in Eastern time zone. Subscribe to the Center for Academic Excellence events calendar.
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