Literature reviews are ubiquitous in academic journals, scholarly reports, and social work education. Students taking social work courses throughout the curriculum, including Human Behavior and the Social Environment, Practice, Policy, and Research classes, are frequently asked to write literature reviews for a variety of reasons. Literature reviews are often done within the context of writing a paper and sometimes done as a mini-assignment, perhaps setting the frame for a broader paper, exposing students to the breadth of information available on a topic area, or demonstrating skills in critical thinking and writing ability.
How to write a research paper What is a literature review The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic.
Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source.
It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.
Purpose of the literature review The purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic: Identifies areas of prior scholarship Places each source in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the specific issue, area of research, or theory under review.
Describes the relationship of each source to the others that you have selected Identifies new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in, previous research Points the way forward for further research.
Components of the literature review The literature review should include the following: Objective of the literature review Overview of the subject under consideration.
Clear categorization of sources selected into those in support of your particular position, those opposed, and those offering completely different arguments.
Discussion of both the distinctiveness of each source and its similarities with the others. Steps in the literature review process Preparation of a literature review may be divided into four steps: Define your subject and the scope of the review.
Search the library catalogue, subject specific databases and other search tools to find sources that are relevant to your topic. Read and evaluate the sources and to determine their suitability to the understanding of topic at hand see the Evaluating sources section.
Analyse, interpret and discuss the findings and conclusions of the sources you selected.
Evaluating sources In assessing each source, consideration should be given to: What is the author's expertise in this particular field of study credentials? Are the author's arguments supported by empirical evidence e. Is the author's perspective too biased in one direction or are opposing studies and viewpoints also considered?
Does the selected source contribute to a more profound understanding of the subject? Examples of a published literature review Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports.
Here is an example of a recent literature review published as a scholarly journal article: Critical race theory in education: A review of past literature and a look to the future. Qualitative Inquiry, 21 3 Link to the article Additional sources on writing literature reviews Further information on the literature review process may be found below:Keywords: bias, qualitative research, quantitative research, research methods, resisting reader, systematic review, textual practices Introduction Even the most casual review of the health and social sciences literature over the last decade will show the growing interest in systematic reviews of research.
A systematic review to examine the relationship of anxiety and depression to did literature review for PhD study The research to be undertaken as a component of the fellowship will help to build on this as yet inconclusive evidence to.
What is a literature review The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. Research Writing: How to Do a Literature Review. Learn how to write a strong literature review with this course designed for research students, at any level, in any discipline.
In this systematic review and meta-analysis we searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL+, POPLINE, Africa-wide Information, Global Health, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library and WHO databases for studies measuring prevalence of HCV and HIV, published between Jan 1, , and Jan 28, A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in .